These historically Black colleges and universities have been as compared handiest with one another for those ratings. To be on the list, a school must be presently specified by the U.S. Department of Education as an HBCU. To qualify for the U.S. News ratings, an HBCU additionally must be an undergraduate baccalaureate-granting group that enrolls generally first-yr, first-time students and have to be a college this is part of the 2022 Best Colleges ratings.
This U.S. News & World Report ranking measures the quality of the undergraduate training at historically Black schools and universities. These HBCUs were compared best with one another for this ranking.
A college ought to currently be indexed as part of the White House and U.S. Department of Education’s Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities to be protected in U.S. News’ HBCU ranking.
The Higher Education Act of 1965 defines an HBCU as “any traditionally Black college or university that became established prior to 1964, whose major venture changed into, and is, the training of Black Americans, and that is authorized with the aid of a nationally identified accrediting organization or association determined via the Secretary (of Education) to be a reliable authority as to the best of education provided or is, in line with such an business enterprise or association, making reasonable development in the direction of accreditation.”
To qualify for this U.S. News rating, an HBCU additionally have to be an undergraduate baccalaureate-granting organization that enrolls commonly first-12 months, first-time students and must be a faculty that is a part of the 2022 Best Colleges ratings.
If an HBCU is indexed as unranked on this year’s standard rankings, it’s also listed as unranked within the HBCU scores; see greater information underneath.
In overall, 79 HBCUs have been eligible to be covered at the listing; 78 of these were ranked, and one became unranked. Among the seventy eight ranked HBCUs, schools that vicinity in the top 3-fourths show their person ranks. The last ranked faculties show the lowest quartile numerical ranking range and are indexed alphabetically.
U.S. News used the same information inside the HBCU rankings as became used within the 2022 version of the Best Colleges rankings, besides for the peer survey consequences that had been based on a separate HBCU peer assessment survey.
The U.S. News scores gadget rests on pillars: quantitative and qualitative measures that education experts have proposed as reliable signs of educational nice, and U.S. News’ view of what matters in schooling.
The indicators used to seize educational satisfactory fall into seven categories: outcome measures, graduate indebtedness, assessment via directors at peer HBCUs, faculty resources, monetary sources, pupil excellence and alumni giving. The signs include enter measures that reflect a faculty’s pupil body, its college and its financial sources, along with outcome measures – along with commencement prices, first-yr scholar retention fees, graduate indebtedness and social mobility – that sign how properly an group educates college students and whether or not they ultimately graduate.
The HBCU rankings are based totally on almost the equal statistical signs, but with distinct weights, as have been used inside the 2022 Best Colleges scores for colleges inside the Regional Universities and Regional Colleges categories. The following are unique descriptions of the statistical indicators and weights that U.S. News used to degree educational quality most of the ranked HBCUs.
The indicators and the weights inside the HBCU ranking are unchanged from last yr’s ranking. Outcomes indicators – a combination of graduation and retention rates, social mobility, and graduate indebtedness – account for 40% of the HBCU rankings, that is similar to it bills for in the universal Best Colleges scores. In addition, the burden of the HBCU peer evaluation aspect is 20% of the scores. This is the identical weight that the peer assessment rating has inside the common rankings.
Nearly one-third of a school’s rank comes from its success at retaining and graduating students within a normal time. It receives the highest weight in our rankings because degree completion is necessary to receive the full benefits of undergraduate study from employers and graduate schools. We approach graduation from diverse angles.
- Graduation and retention rates: This measure is weighted at 22% and has two components: average six-year graduation rate (17.6% of the score) and average first-year student retention rate (4.4%). The graduation rate indicates the average proportion of a class that earns a degree in six years or less; U.S. News considers first-year classes that started from fall 2011 through fall 2014. First-year student retention indicates the average proportion of first-year students entering each fall from 2016 through 2019 who returned the following fall.
- Social mobility: We factored a school’s success at promoting social mobility by graduating students who received federal Pell Grants (those typically coming from households whose family incomes are less than $50,000 annually, though most Pell Grant money goes to students with a total family income below $20,000). It’s weighted at 9%. For the third year in a row, the social mobility factors were computed using two-year averages of fall 2013 and fall 2014 entering cohorts.
There are two indicators used to calculate social mobility – each is 4.5% of a school’s ranking. The first measures the success of Pell Grant students on an absolute basis. To calculate this indicator, we used a school’s six-year graduation rate among new fall 2013 and 2014 entrants receiving Pell Grants. This assesses each school’s performance graduating students from low-income backgrounds. A higher Pell Grant graduation rate scores better than a lower one.
The second ranking factor compares each school’s six-year graduation rate among Pell Grant recipients who were new fall 2013 and 2014 entrants graduating by 2019 and 2020 with the six-year graduation rate among non-Pell Grant recipients at the same school by dividing the former into the latter. The significant minority of schools whose Pell graduation rates are equal to or greater than non-Pell graduation rates score the highest. Schools whose Pell graduation rates are below their non-Pell graduation rates score lower on this indicator. Altogether, this metric assesses each school’s level of support for students from underserved backgrounds relative to all its other students.
Scores for both the social mobility indicators were adjusted by the proportion of the entering class that was awarded Pell Grants because achieving a higher low-income student graduation rate is more challenging with a larger proportion of low-income students.
- Graduate indebtedness: For the second consecutive year, the HBCU rankings have two ranking factors measuring graduate indebtedness. The first factor is the average amount of accumulated federal loan debt among the 2019 and 2020 bachelor’s degree graduating classes (5.5%). The second factor is the average percentage of bachelor’s degree recipients from the classes of 2019 and 2020 who borrowed federal loans (3.5%). Previously, these two indicators were based only on the most recent graduating class.
This measure gives weight to the opinions of those in a position to judge a school’s undergraduate academic excellence. The peer assessment survey allows the top HBCU academics whom U.S. News consults to account for intangibles, such as faculty dedication to teaching.
Each individual is asked to rate academic programs of peer HBCUs on a scale from 1 (marginal) to 5 (distinguished). Those who don’t know enough about a school to evaluate it fairly are asked to mark “don’t know.”
In the spring and summer of 2021, U.S. News conducted an exclusive peer survey of the president, provost and admissions dean at each HBCU. Each HBCU received three surveys. U.S. News asked the recipients to rate all HBCUs they were familiar with based on undergraduate academic quality, considering each school’s scholarship record, curriculum, and quality of faculty and graduates.
To calculate the overall HBCU rankings, U.S. News used the two most recent years’ responses instead of only the most recent year. This was done to incorporate greater representation of the views of academics at HBCUs and to decrease the year-to-year volatility of the results in the peer reputation ranking factor.
The response rate for the spring and early summer 2021 survey of top officials at HBCUs was 21.9%. This is compared with the 25.3% of top officials who responded to the spring 2020 HBCU peer assessment survey.
Faculty Resources (20%)
Research shows that the greater access students have to quality instructors, the more engaged they will be in class and the more they will learn. Research also shows that the more satisfied students are about their contact with professors, the more they will learn and the more likely they are to graduate.
U.S. News uses five factors from the 2020-2021 academic year to assess a school’s commitment to instruction.
- Class size: This is weighted at 8% and is based on a single index that takes full advantage of all the data schools report on fall 2019 and fall 2020 class size. Schools receive the most credit in this index for their proportion of undergraduate classes with fewer than 20 students. Classes with 20 to 29 students score second highest, 30 to 39 students third highest and 40 to 49 students fourth highest. Classes that have 50 or more students receive no credit. Previously, this indicator was based on the most recent year of class size data, but this year it was based on the average of the two most recent years of class size index data.
- Faculty salary: This is weighted at 7% and is the two-year average faculty pay during the 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 academic years, adjusted for regional differences in buying power across the 50 states and the District of Columbia and metropolitan areas using the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis’ (part of the U.S. Department of Commerce) regional price parities indexes. These indexes measure the differences in price levels across states and metropolitan areas for a given year and are expressed as a percentage of the overall national price level. The regional price parity indexes cover all consumption goods and services, including housing rent. Previously, this indicator was based on the most recent year of faculty salary data.
U.S. News also weighs the proportion of full-time faculty with the highest degree in their fields (3%), the student-faculty ratio (1%) and the proportion of faculty who are full time (1%).
Financial Resources (10%)
Generous per-student spending indicates that a college can offer a variety of programs and services. U.S. News measures financial resources by using the average spending per student on instruction, research, student services and related educational expenditures in the 2019 and 2020 fiscal years. Spending on sports, dorms and hospitals doesn’t count; U.S. News only considers the part of a school’s budget that goes toward educating students.
Student Excellence (7%)
U.S. News factors in enrollees’ test scores on the mathematics and evidence-based reading and writing portions of the SAT and the composite ACT (5%), and the proportion of enrolled freshmen who graduated in the top 25% of their high school classes (2%). The data is for the fall 2020 entering class.
U.S. News believes that using both SAT and ACT test scores for all students who submitted scores improves the methodology, since these are a more comprehensive measure and provide a better way to compare the entire entering class between schools.
Alumni Giving (3%)
The average percentage of living alumni with bachelor’s degrees who gave to their school during the 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 academic years is an indirect measure of student satisfaction.
The alumni giving rate is calculated by dividing the number of alumni donors during a given academic year by the number of alumni of record for that same year. U.S. News averages and uses in the rankings the two most recent years of alumni giving rates that are available. For the 2022 Best Colleges rankings, the two separately calculated alumni giving rates that were averaged were for giving in the 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 academic years.
To arrive at a school’s rank, U.S. News first calculated the weighted sum of its standardized scores. The final scores were rescaled. The top school in each category was assigned a value of 100, and the other schools’ weighted scores were calculated as a proportion of that top score.
Final scores for each ranked school were rounded to the nearest whole number and ranked in descending order. Schools that received the same rank are tied and listed in alphabetical order.
Most of the data comes from the colleges themselves – and U.S. News takes pains to ensure their accuracy. For quality assurance, rankings data that schools reported to U.S. News was algorithmically compared against previous years’ submissions and third-party sources. Respondents were required to review, revise and verify any flagged data to submit their surveys. Afterward, the veracity of the data submitted is rigorously reviewed by U.S. News data analysts and subject to further requests for schools to confirm or revise the data. Once again this year, U.S. News required that a top official at each school verify the accuracy of the data that was submitted.
U.S. News obtained missing data from the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics for six-year graduation rates, retention rates, SAT and ACT scores, faculty counts, faculty salaries, graduate indebtedness, and student-to-teacher ratios.
Estimates, which U.S. News never publishes, may be used when schools do not report particular data points. Missing data is reported as “N/A” in the ranking tables.
U.S. News believes that because some schools are unable to report key educational characteristics or because they have certain other characteristics, it would be unfair to try to compare them statistically with the other schools that are part of the rankings.
Therefore, U.S. News has created a group of unranked HBCUs listed at the bottom of the HBCU rankings table.